Aqueous Ozone FAQs
WHAT IS OZONE?
An inorganic molecule, Ozone (O3) is an allotropic form of oxygen (meaning it exists in two or more different forms). Each molecule contains three atoms of oxygen instead of the standard two, which is why Ozone is also scientifically known as trioxygen. It takes the form of a pale blue gas which is formed naturally in the atmosphere and has a fresh, sharp smell.
HOW IS OZONE FORMED?
In the same way that Ozone is formed naturally by the discharge of electricity during a thunderstorm, Ozone is produced in a modern electrical Ozone generator. This method of Ozone generation is formed by corona discharge, where a high voltage is passed across a gas stream containing oxygen. The energy of the high voltage splits an oxygen molecule (O2) into two oxygen atoms (O), which recombine with ordinary molecules of oxygen (O2) to form the Ozone formula (O3).
WHAT DOES OZONE SMELL LIKE?
Mother Nature creates ozone during thunderstorms to oxidize the air. Ozone is formed by lightning discharges during and after a thunderstorm, which gives the air its characteristic fresh, sharp smell.
WHAT IS AQUEOUS OZONE?
In nature as we have learned, ozone is formed by lightning causing an ordinary oxygen molecule (O2) to split into two oxygen atoms (O), which rejoin the ordinary molecules (O2) to form Ozone or O3. Ozone comes in two forms; gaseous (as a gas in the air) and aqueous (in water) and naturally occurs in nature. Ozone can also be synthesized or man-made by combining an electrical charge with oxygen creating O3 which is infused into water. Thus, the term Aqueous Ozone.
IS AQUEOUS OZONE SAFE?
Aqueous Ozone (AO) or ozonated water is a natural oxidation process. Ozone (O3) is a very biodegradable molecule and after it’s relatively short life of up to four hours, simply reverts back to oxygen (O2) and water (H2O). AO is recognized by the FDA as safe and has earned GRAS (Generally Recognized as Safe) status. AO devices are Registered with and Regulated by the EPA, is compliant with the EPA Organic Program, and is an approved member of the USDA National Organic Program (NOP) that develops and enforces consistent national standards for organically produced agricultural products.
HOW IS AQUEOUS OZONE CAPABLE OF SANITIZING, DEODORIZING, AND CLEANING?
By nature, ozone is a powerful oxidizing agent, capable of causing chemical change through oxygen. Ozone is 51% stronger than chlorine and has a kill rate or inactivation rate 3.125 times faster. Ozone owes its biocidal effectiveness to its ability to oxidize organic material in bacterial membranes, which weakens the cell wall and leads to cellular rupture, causing the immediate death of the cell. In contrast, chlorine and all other oxidizing and non-oxidizing biocides must be transported across the cell membrane in order to interfere with either the nuclear reproductive mechanism or various enzymatic life providing reactions in the cell, resulting in substantially less biocidal efficiency.
For this reason, Ozone is capable of destroying all bacteria, algae and biofilms, with no risk of resistance build-up or immunity. Even resistant and problematic bacteria such as E. coli, Staph, Listeria, Salmonella, P. mirabillis, C. diff, and others are readily and rapidly inactivated by Ozone. Although viruses are more resistant to Ozone destruction compared to bacteria, viral inactivation occurs quickly and efficiently in Human Respiratory Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), Influenza A Virus, Measles Virus, Syncytial Respiratory Virus, Hepatitis A Virus, Human Rotavirus, Norwalk Virus, and Poliovirus.
Most bacteria and viruses are inactivated in one minute or less by Aqueous Ozone with up to a 99.999% reduction of potentially harmful microorganisms.
WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES OF USING AQUEOUS OZONE OVER OTHER SANITIZERS, DEODORIZERS, AND MULTI-PURPOSE CLEANERS?
Aqueous Ozone uses just one ingredient; all-natural potable water at about 1 penny per gallon. AO can be used on multiple surfaces and fabrics to sanitize, deodorize, and clean and does so without any chemical-based agents, dyes, or perfumes. Many ingredients used in cleaning agents can cause irritation or injury to skin, eyes, and respiratory systems as well as damage surfaces they are meant to sanitize and clean.
WHAT ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS ARE REALIZED BY USING AQUEOUS OZONE?
- Reduces the need for chemicals-as AO is produced ‘in situ’ or onsite, there are no storage issues, no container/packaging disposal, no inventory levels to maintain, nor any transportation costs
- No pollutants-the only “breakdown” biproduct is oxygen
- Any wastewater is safe to reenter surface drains, sink drains, and waterways
WHAT SURFACES CAN AQUEOUS OZONE BE USED ON?
- Tables and countertops
- Door handles and stair rails
- Kitchen prep areas and equipment
- Gymnasiums and equipment
- Mirrors and Windows
- Medical/Dental exam tables and equipment